Male Factor Fertility
Research found that approximately 30% of infertile cases are found in the man's factor alone, and in another 20% are both the man and woman's factor.
Therefore, the male factor is at least responsible in about 50% of infertile couples.
The common causes of male infertility are low sperm count, abnormal sperm shape, undescended testicle, and varicocele. Some medicines or environmental factors can also cause infertility. Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine have good effect on male infertility.
Acupuncture for Male Fertility
|Author, year, country||Study design, Sample size||Duration of treatment||Results|
|Siterman et al (1997) Israel||Control, Acu (n=16) No acu (n=16)||Acupuncture 2/wk for 5wks||The fertility index increased significantly following improvement in total functional sperm fraction, % of viability, total motile spermatozoa per ejaculate, and integrity of the axonema|
|Siterman et al (2000) Israel||Control, Acu (n=20) No acu (n=20)||Acupuncture 2/wk for 5wks||A definite increase in sperm count in 10 (67%) of the 15 azoospermic patients. The sperm procudtion increased significantly. Male with genital tract inflammation exhibited the most remarkable improvement in sperm density.|
|Gurfinkel et al (2003) Brazil||Control, Acu (n=9) No acu (n=10)||Acupuncture and moxa 2/wk for 10wks||Significant increase in the % of normal form sperm compared to the control group|
|Jian et al (2005) Italy||Prospective control, Acu (n=28) No acu (n=12)||Acupuncture 2/wk for 5wks||Statistically significant increase after acupuncture in the percentage and No. of sperm without ultrastructural defects in the total ejaculates. Significant improvement was detected in acrosome position and shape, nuclear shape, axonemal pattern and shape, and accessory fibers of sperm organelles.|
|Siterman et al (2009) Israel||Acu (n=34)||Acupuncture 2/wk 8-10 sessions||low sperm count in patients with inflammation of the genital tract is associated with scrotal hyperthermia, and, consequently, these men can benefit from acupuncture treatment|
Chinese Herbal Medicine for Male Fertility
|Name, Year, Country||Journal title||No.||Methods||Results|
|Liu et al (2004) China||Effects of several Chinese Herbal aqueous extracts on human sperm motility in vitro||30||Six kinds of Chinese herbal medicines were Computer assisted sperm analysis at 15, 60, and 180min after incubated with the drugs||Astragalus membranaceus (Huang Qi) and Acanthopanacis senticosi (Nu jia) can enhance the motility of human spermatozoa in vitro|
|Yamanaka et al (1998) Japan||Direct effects of Chinese herbal medicine "hochuekkito" on sperm movement||10||Motile sperm were prepared and sperm movements were analyzed by CASA after adding either serum containing anti-sperm antibody or normal serum with or without Hochuekkito||Prospective effects of Hochuekkito on sperm were suggested|
|Ishikawa et al (1996) Japan||Effects of guizhi-fuling-wan on male infertility with varicocele||37||Guizhi-fuling wan (7.5g/day) for at least 3months. Before and after the administration, semen qualities were examined, and the varicocele was graded||A varicocele disappearance rate 80% Improvement of sperm concentration 71.4% Sperm motility 62.1%|
|Chung et al (1996) Hefei||Eighty-seven cases of male infertility treated by bushen shengjing pill in clinical observation and evaluation on its curative effect||87||Evaluated with quantitative assessment and analytical comparison comprehensive scoring of semen routine analysis||Comprehensive semen routine analysis score was enhanced significantly, the spouse pregnant rate was 56.2% (49/87), total effective rate was 95.4% (83/87)|